сряда, 18 май 2016 г.

Wanted solvent and solute

Reflections on the motive power on heat of the environment and on machines fitted to develop that power


I imagined that the issue goes beyond physics and moves in the field of chemistry, and will have to leave ... but it is not easy to me stop thinking about it. These are ten years till now - think themselves come, whether I want or do not want. So since I announced that I stop, I saw development for the physical framework of the process of making the cold part of the unit with endothermic chemical processes. Even a "devil" whispered to me: "Do not be silly! Patented it!" The "devil"  managed to tempt me ,and I handed application with the patent office. Here's how things went with endothermic processes:
Previous post ended like this:



I thought, Wait a minute! You should be warm and working substance in the environment. I was thinking about chemical processes and have neglected the physical basis for them and engine. But physics should outline the basics to open bigger opportunities for chemistry.  So things came to diagram 4



Then they seized me thinks - Will I get cold in the cold part after heat up the working substance in the environment, and then again with the exothermic reaction between α and β ? Instead of turning to energy equations I saw technical solution: We will use the mixer – diagram 5




Control valves 13 and 14, and so the temperature of the working substance we can change  from the temperature of the heat exchanger 1 (when the valve 14 is closed) to ambient temperature (when the valve 13 is closed).
Then I saw the flaw in this chart -  waste a cold. Unit will become more efficient  if we use cold working substance and compound out of the cold part to cool the α and β  before entering the heat exchanger 1.  So the device evolved as chart 6



Evolution underwent and unit using an endothermic solution for low temperatures in the cold part diagram 7



For example - solvent α is ammonia (240K;  boiling point). At a temperature of 290K (17C) ammonia gases have a pressure of 8 MPa. Solute αβ to be a mystical salts  AxBy. Hypothetically - AxBy was dissolved in ammonia by this chemical process is endothermic.
Working substance γ let's fluoromethyl CH3F (R-41; 195K bp).
In the heat exchanger 1 of the drawing 7 ammonia boils and the solution was separated into ammonia and AxBy. Ammonia gases perform work in the turbine 5, where they enter the heat exchanger 2. In heat exchanger 2 ammonia liquefies due to heat exchange with the liquid working substance CH3F. A pump (7) takes the liquid ammonia in the heat exchanger 3.
Salts AxBy separated from the solution pump 8 (probably screw) them ending up at 4 heat exchanger to cool them before you take them in a heat exchanger 3 diagram 7.
 Working substance CH3F is pre-cooled and liquefied to a temperature between its boiling point and its freezing point. In heat exchanger 2, it is heated to a temperature of 240K. The pressure is increased and it is boiling. Gases CH3F perform work in the turbine 6. From there enter the heat exchanger 3 where liquefy due to low temperature created by the dissolution of salts AxBy in the solvent  ammonia. Pump 7 takes liquified working substance CH3F first in heat exchanger 4 to cool the solute AxBy and then in heat exchanger 2 to receive heat from the gases ammonia and so the cycle of working substance is repeated.
Ammonia boiling in the heat exchanger 1, perform work in the turbine 5, salts are dissolved in ammonia in the heat exchanger 3, solution heat exchange first with AxBy in a heat exchanger 4, then (possibly) with ammonia and fluoromethyl in a heat exchanger 2 and out of the heat insulating part where is  heat exchanger 1 to heat from the surrounding environment and the process to begin again. In this renewable process would receive mechanical energy from both turbines 5 and 6 at the expense of the heat of the environment:

W = W1 + W2 = Q in