петък, 20 март 2015 г.

The initial opinion of the ISA on my method

Dear readers, from the International Patent Office (in particular ISA) came out with the statement that my method is contrary to the second law of thermodynamics - "However, according to the second law of thermodynamics perpetual motion machine of the second kind is impossible, namely it is impossible to apply a heat engine whose only result of the action is the conversion of the heat of any substance in the work without the transfer of the heat to other substances.
Accordingly, the devices for converting the thermal energy into mechanical energy and methods for conversion of thermal energy into mechanical energy according to claims 1-6, 8, 9, 10 contrary to the second law of thermodynamics."
Will naturally object as follows:
I want to draw attention of the committee that my unit is heat insulated, and as its elements are insulated. So all evaporators (3) of the thermodynamic point of view appear different and independent of each other bodies, different and independent of each other thermodynamic systems .In the description I have examined the method with pre-established temperature difference between the evaporators - the first (3a) have a ambient temperature, and in any subsequent decrease in the temperature close to the boiling point of the working substance. So in this method and device have the transfer of heat from one body to another. The gases coming out of the transducers of thermal energy into mechanical energy heat exchange with the evaporators back in the chain - transfer heat to other substances (the substance is the same working substance , but with a lower temperature, which in thermodynamic aspect we can consider them - other substance). Also working substance of the system for redistributing heat contact with evaporators (with various bodies from a thermodynamic point of view) through heat exchangers so that I have "heat transfer to other substances" - as they expressed by the Commission. Substance - working substance of the unit in each insulated evaporator is "other" from the thermodynamic point of view because there are different temperatures.
When I want to use environmental heat energy required to drive the device I said that must be cool first cold part to a temperature near the boiling point of the working substance. In the description examines the processes set in already operating temperature - the temperature decreases in each evaporator from temperature of the environment in the first (3a) to the boiling point of the working substance in the last (3x). I previously created a "different bodyes" from a thermodynamic point of view, so that we can transfer heat to the "other body". This will allow me to convert heat into mechanical energy. Thus most - correct and important to me formulation of the second law of thermodynamics made by Carnot: " The heat can be converted to work only when there is a temperature difference. Of the total heat is utilized only part of it and this part depends on the temperature difference " is "taken into account ".
To emphasize once again:
1 The gaseous working substance heat exchange through heat exchangers(5; 18) with different from thermodynamic perspective bodies - evaporators
2 The working substance of the system for redistributing heat is in contact with various bodies -  evaporators and heat exchangers transfer heat from one body to another through heat exchangers(16)
3 Cold part I create - using an external force (starter 24) cooling the cold part to a temperature near the boiling point of the working substance. This will have available "different bodyes" - each insulated evaporator, with which gaseous working substance of the unit to heat exchange.

Let readers who examined my method to share the opinion - Is it right an opinion of the ISA or it is not correct. I take the liberty to paraphrase: "will be, or will not be" IoI

Thoughts on the subject - an internal cooling engine



When we use the warmth of the heater power source to power my engine is better to be well insulated from the environment and the connection of the unit with external heat exchanger and heat exchanger itself. So all the heat we can "catch" from the heater can turn into mechanical energy - ideally will have no heat losses due to heat exchange with the environment. In this way we can use a working substance having a boiling point higher than ambient temperature (e.g. 373K water BP. At ambient temperature  290K water is in the liquid state). Then with heater will heat up substance to a temperature higher than its boiling point . Initially, we will have a cold part at a temperature equal to the environment, but gradually cold part to warm to a temperature close to the boiling point of the working substance (water 373K). Depending on the temperature that we have achieved in the external heat exchanger by heating will have a temperature difference between the hot and cold part of the unit. If I heat the water to 600K will have available temperature difference of 227 degrees between the hot and cold part to be able to convert the heat from the heater into mechanical energy. Bearing in mind that the use of a closed cycle working substance heat starts at the boiling point (about 373K of water) and not by the ambient temperature (say 290K) which increases the efficiency of the unit.

сряда, 18 март 2015 г.

Thoughts on the topic - internal cooling engine

When the method for converting heat into mechanical energy using the heat of the environment ("free heat") will have to "pay" for cooling. Nature will heated liquid working substance having a boiling point lower than ambient temperature (e.g. ammonia  - 240K BP). So working substance will be under pressure to evaporate in the unit. In this must have a closed cycle of working substance to our "remain profitable" mechanical energy. "Profit" - mechanical energy  will be possible   when we will "pay" less for cooling than of all the energy of the a given amount of working substance. For each configuration of my unit exists flow on pumps (and it will not be zero), where cooling is enough "cheap" for us to remain "profit" mechanical energy.

петък, 13 март 2015 г.

Thoughts on the topic

If I charge the unit with a working substance R32 (or R23 as to find durable materials at low temperature to make the unit), chilled cold part to its boiling point- 220K (190K), I could have turned the heat of the atmosphere at a temperature of 260 - 270K into mechanical energy. I will have available some 40-50 (70-80) degrees temperature difference between the hot and cold part that will allow me to convert heat from the atmosphere into mechanical energy.This will not eject CO2 - I'll need energy just to cool the cold part of the unit initially.

сряда, 11 март 2015 г.

Thoughts on the topic

 To enable the conversion of heat energy into mechanical energy with a closed cycle of working substance must have a temperature difference between the hot and the cold part of the unit. Method by creating a temperature difference between the hot and cold part by heating the hot part will not discuss, because if we create cold in cold part "cost cheap" and is significant. In order to use the heat of the environment to transform into mechanical energy, we will need cold in the cold part of the unit that we create.
 If the unit is not heat insulated, environment will warm the cold part, the difference between hot and cold part will decrease and there will reduce the net power. Will need to be continually "spend" for a cold. When heat insulated unit after the initial creation of the cold part (with the help of an external force), we can maintain  the temperature on the cold part - the system for redistributing heat and a system  for liquefaction of working substance will do the job. When working substance had transmitted a large amount of heat (energy) into mechanical energy to send a "residual" heat from the cold in the warm part of the unit will require less power than we have already received. So we are left "profit" - mechanical energy.

Temperature difference between the hot and cold part is necessary in order to allow the transformation of heat into mechanical energy, so we need to monitor the temperature in the evaporators and tune the elements of the systems to maintain such a difference in every moment of the work of the unit.

Svetozar the Cold

вторник, 3 март 2015 г.


I would like to add a few graphics that illustrate  the important relationships in the aggregate.

The attached chart 1 I depicted relation - power on aggregate (P) to flow on the pumps (Fp). Taking into account that the capacity of the transformers of thermal energy into mechanical energy (TTEME -turbine; cylinders with pistons) have permanent capacity depending on the chosen arrangement of the engine - the size and number of TTEME (1).

Let us set an external force best temperature norm to device - reducing temperature in each evaporator (3) from ambient temperature (in 3a) to the boiling point (in 3x) of the working substance. It is assumed that when we charging the unit with liquid working substance, or has not worked for a long time, the temperature in all evaporators (3) will be equal to the ambient temperature due to unavoidable heat exchange with her (not 100% heat insulation).
2.At zero flow on pumps (4) initially motor shaft will rotate, but will begin to stop because the first evaporators (3) will begin to cool themself, and the forces acting on the motor shaft will balance, considering that the first evaporators will push, and the last will suck (suction of liquid close to the boiling point will appear opposite the useful force). After some cooling the forces will equalize and drive shaft will stop rotating.
 With increasing flow of the pumps (4) will prevent coolings the first evaporators - will score the energy obtained from the environment. At any flow rate of the pumps (4) will achieve an optimal temperature norms of the evaporators (3) of the unit - temperature be reduced from ambient temperature (in 3a) to the boiling temperature of the working substance (in 3x) (diagram 1). This will be the optimal flow of a pumps (4) - the unit produce a best power.
  We can conclude - flow of pumps (4) (mass on entry working substance / exiting working substance - m on formula for a power of unit) depends on the capacity of TTEME. As are larger and more numerous TTEME- the power output of the unit will be greater (assuming that the external heat exchanger (9) have sufficient capacity).
Because I could not judge how accurate is this chart (diagram1), I am not describe things in the patent with its help. I assumed that the practice will show identical charts. So I described the options with the best power.
  I say that for each working substance, at suitable flow on pumps, if TTEME calculated so that at a given temperature of the environment if we take more energy from working substance before to proceed to closing the cycle (to liquefy the gaseous working substance) will have useful mechanical energy!
 Thermal insulation, many couples evaporators and TTEME will make possible the transformation of environmental heat into mechanical energy.
 In this we do not need nature to give us a temperature differences - we will create the cold part.
Chart 2 I have formed the temperature of the first (3a) evaporator to flow pumps.
Chart 3 I drew last evaporator temperature (3x) to flow pumps.

Chart 4 I have depicted the last evaporator temperature (3x) to flow pump and with increasing flow on compressor (15) of system for redistributing heat -SRH. This chart is controversial. I assumed that with the help of the compressor on SRH (15) will be able to increase the pump flow and the work of SRHs will prevent the temperature to increase in cold part (3x). So I can increase power output.
diagram1

diagram 2

diagram 3


diagram 4
I would urge readers to arm themselves with patience, if they want to understand this thermodynamic - mechanical puzzle.

Naturally, pumps, compressors and valves at -well to electrically with electronic control. Dynamo driven by the engine shaft will produce the necessary electricity for their work.
   I described the method with mechanical ones to have a classic view of the method.

P.S. My English is not very good. I hope the meaning is understood.
I would like to share more thoughts on the topic, because my method for converting heat into mechanical energy raises many questions that we've never asked ourselves. And the answers are not easy, considering the many dependencies of thermodynamic and mechanical nature in it. More so than 200-300 years, we used to have "free" cooling (whether the method is external or internal combustion engines) and to "pay" for heating. Disposal of waste steam and exhaust gases in the atmosphere is "free" cooling. OТЕС only have a "free" heating and cooling.But they have to seek special places on the planet where nature provides similar temperature differences.My method can turn the heat to the environment (atmosphere, rivers and seas) almost anywhere on earth. 
 The heat got it everywhere - and everywhere I can create cold, so I can use it.
When I want to use the "free" heat of the environment do not have a cold - all around me was equally warm. I need to create cold, to "pay" for the cold - this is the prerequisite for the conversion of heat around the device into mechanical energy. But will "pay" only once, initially. Then I will ask the pumps right flow, so that the cold part remains cold, while in the warm part  the heat of the environment turns into mechanical energy. 
This can only be achieved with a closed loop of the working substance. To close the cycle of working substance must always "pay" - theoretically no free closed cycle. To make it possible to close the cycle of working substance, and we remain "profit" as we mean that necessarily will "pay" must take more energy than will "spend" to close the cycle. We achieve this by increasing the number of couples - evaporator - energy converter. For a given flow pumps more couples arrange in the chain, we are approaching closer to "free"  closing of the cycle - the temperatures tend to boiling point of the working substance.We can never reach the boiling point - there is no way on the one hand there is no pressure on the other to have a conversion of heat into mechanical energy. But at temperatures close to the boiling point will close the cycle easily - from the temperature difference - environment-boiling point will remain useful mechanical energy.
 Assume that we have reached the boiling point - lets include in cycle another couple. They appear already harmful to useful energy - the evaporator has no power to push - energy converters will be a suction pump (suction actually not so bad. My initial ideas were last  one(few) to suck, sucking means  cooling the evaporator hence cooling of the heat exchanger with gaseous substance. So with the help of sucking however, a one (few) couples can close the cycle of working substance. Then I realized that this method of closing the cycle an energy (heat) will accumulate in cold part. Then "came "compressors" and sent "residual "energy (heat) in the warm part of the device to work for some :)). Then we can increase the flow of the pump - to increase the temperature and to return to the previous regulations. This means more usable energy.
We can conclude - for each configuration (number and size of couples - evaporator - energy converter) the unit has optimal flow pumps, in which the closing of the cycle is the most "- cheap" and the useful energy is the largest.